About | Press | Jobs | Donate Lewis Wickes Hine (September 26, 1874 – November 3, 1940) was an American sociologist and photographer. Click on the order now tab. If you are unfamiliar with the concept of depth of field, it refers to the area of a photograph that remains in focus. Humanizing Subjects Like Jacob Riis, Lewis Hine believed that environmental causes were responsible for many problems of the poor. Lewis W. Hine's famous black and white photographs document the construction of the Empire State Building, the world's tallest building at the time. National Child Labor Committee Collection. Dies ist ein Teil des Wikipedia-Artikels, der unter CC-BY-SA-Lizenz verwendet wird. Discover canvas art prints, photos, mural, big canvas art and framed wall art in GreatBigCanvas.com's varied collections. Perhaps also he liked the idea that a “slice of a life” is brought into focus, extracting individuals with little financial import from obscurity, and bringing clarity to a messy world of industrialization and war. Situating them side by side allows us to compare the manipulation of focus by Hine with that of his contemporary Alfred Stieglitz. Fototechnisch war er ein Autodidakt und eignete sich die betreffenden Kenntnisse erst um 1903 an. National Child Labor Committee Collection //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/nclc.03225. This eliminated the possibility of the camera using a true wide angle lens. Diese Art der Sozialdokumentation nannte er „Interpretive Photography“. Traxectoria. In this photo, we can see that the table edge is fuzzy directly in front of the first girl’s bowl, and immediately behind her, such that her neighbor’s cup is already falling out of focus. American National Red Cross Collection. His images of workers on scaffolds high above the city streets are among his most famous. Does he use it differently in the two bodies of work, NCLC and ANRC? Bei dieser Ausbildung und Anstellung gefördert hatte ihn der Pädagoge Frank Addison Manny (1868–1954), der von 1898 bis 1900 die State Normal School in Oshkosh und seit 1901 für sechs Jahre die Ethical Culture School in New York leitete. Lewis Wickes Hine wuchs in einem einfachen Restaurantbetrieb in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, im Nordosten der USA auf. Hine also used wide angle lenses and open apertures to capture more light (allowing a faster shutter speed that reduced blur from movement), both of which contributed to shallower depth of field. The depth of field is extremely shallow in both pictures, though in the Child Labor example Hine appears to have missed his mark, as the ground directly in front of his subject is in focus, but she is not. See more. He studied at the University of Chicago from 1900 to 1901, and Columbia University and New York University from 1901 to 1905. Copy of photo by Jacob Riis, ca. The photos seem to provide objective facts by virtue of their crispness, but we are constantly made aware of things falling out of that precise focus. Fig. Row of men at the New York City docks out of work during the depression, 1934. Comment and Posting Policy. Lewis Wickes Hine (* 26. 6 A.M. Group Going into Mill N. 6. Hine pays tribute to the human spirit by dramatically contrasting the workers with the mammoth scale of the structure. Comparing pairs of Hine photographs might help us think about his aesthetic choices with regard to focus: These two photographs show groups of individuals at about the same distance from the photographer in a work setting. Der vollständige Text des Artikels ist hier →, Hastings On Hudson / Hastings On Hudson, United States, Power House Mechanic Working on Steam Pump. Over the course of the decade, Hine worked several odd jo… While we might imagine him an investigative photo-journalist by today’s standards, his own assessment points to the degree that style and aesthetic decisions played into the images he created – even before he articulated the change. circa 1921. So well written! ‘Old Timer Structural Worker’ was created in 1930 by Lewis Hine in Social Realism style. Die Musik ist dabei jeweils verlinkt. Schon 1890, nach Beendigung der Grammar School und der Geschäftsaufgabe seines Vaters, begann Hine zu arbeiten. In 1930, Hine was given the task of photographing the construction of the Empire State Building. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/nclc.03181. Damit war er recht erfolgreich: Etwa fotografierte er von 1923 bis 1927 für das Mitarbeitermagazin Western Electric News der Hawthorne Works, Western Electric, Chicago. La fourniture d'articles nécessite dorénavant un code … However, unlike Riis, Hine attempted to incorporate his subjects by emphasizing their humanity. … The content of all comments is released into the public domain These photos show little girls of a fairly young age engaged in very different activities. While studying, he also worked at the Ethical Culture School in New York City. See more ideas about lewis hine, child labor, lewis. Seinen Lebensunterhalt bestritt er zunächst mit wechselnden und schlecht bezahlten Tätigkeiten, … One of the most important occupations in life at La Jonchere. Wichtige Kontaktpersonen waren hierbei die dort tätigen Brüder Arthur P. Kellogg (1878–1934) und Paul Underwood Kellogg (1879–1958), die er bereits 1904 kennengelernt hatte. Early life. Links to external Internet sites on Library of Congress Web pages do not constitute the Library's endorsement of the content of their Web sites or of their policies or products. Several are now the standard image used to depict industrial output during the Depression and rightly so. 1890. This blog does not represent official Library of Congress communications. Chateau de Grand Val, Sucy-en-Brie. 1896–1897 war Manny Assistent bei dem Philosophen und Erziehungstheoretiker John Dewey, bei dem wiederum auch Hine (u. Photographer Lewis Hine's photos were influential to help reform child labor laws about newsies. National Child Labor Committee Collection. Thank you everyone for the comments. 1910 (printed circa 1931). (7 A.M. to 5:30 P.M. Daily) Brown Mine, Brown, W. Va. Photo by Lewis Hine, 1908 September. Vor allem wegen dieser investigativen Arbeit für das NCLC gilt Hine allgemein als herausragender Vertreter der sozialdokumentarischen Fotografie. Is earning $ 4.00.Location: Springfield, Massachusetts . In the Stieglitz photo the girl, in soft focus, is surrounded by nature with tree branches and plant stems behind her and in front of her. His photographs were instrumental in changing child labor laws in the United States. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/nclc.00907. Co. Dover, N.H. Thousands of construction workers, electricians, and other technicians risked their lives to ensure that the skyscraper rose to its now legendary height. The ultimate news source for music, celebrity, entertainment, movies, and current events on the web. Photo by Alfred Stieglitz, published in Camera Notes, 1902 Jan. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b46416, Maud Daly, five years old. Weitere Ideen zu Lewis wickes hine, Alte fotos, Fotos. Educated as a sociologist at the Universtiy of Chicago, Hine became involved with social welfare issues while pursuing studies at the Columbia University School of Social Philosophy. His father died in an accident in 1892, and forced Hine to help sustain his the family financially. Born Oshkosh, Wisconsin Died Hastings-on-Hudson, New York born Oshkosh, WI 1874-died Hastings-on-Hudson, NY 1940 Nationalities. ‘Tenement family,' Chicago. 1892 starb sein Vater durch einen Unfall oder durch Selbstmord. He eventually graduated with a degree in Sociology. September 1874 in Oshkosh, Wisconsin; † 3. He Does Not Look It. National Child Labor Committee Collection. 1. Lewis Hine was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, on September 26, 1874 to Douglas Hull Hine, a veteran of the Civil War, and Sarah Hayes Hine, an educator. We further reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to remove a user's Lewis Hine ist kein bloßer Lichtbildner, er hat eine Mission; seine Arbeit prägt ein moralischer Anspruch. Nouvelles conditions d'accès : La recherche, l'affichage des textes et d'un court résumé sont gratuits pour tous. Hine’s photos exhibit a beauty despite the ominous undertones of images depicting the realities of war and the conditions endured by young workers. Thomas Hart Benton was an American painter and muralist, and one of the central figures associated with the Regionalist art movement of the 1930s. I don’t want to call them haunting since some of them have such smiling, lively subjects, but these photos develop a sublime quality the longer you look at them. Schon 1890, nach Beendigung der Grammar School und der Geschäftsaufgabe seines Vaters, begann Hine zu arbeiten. Nach seiner Rückkehr in die USA 1919 änderte er sein Konzept: Er löste sich von der anklägerischen Fotografie, wie er sie im Auftrag des NCLC praktiziert hatte, und versuchte stattdessen, mit seinen sogenannten „Work Portraits“ den positiven Wert der Arbeit bzw. What drew me to the work and inspired a blog post was one particular aspect of many of Hine’s photographs, the extremely limited depth of field, or shallow focus. As a photographer and photography teacher your article was a pleasure to read. 273.1k Followers, 1,506 Following, 1,483 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Laura Smet (@laura_smet_) T he power of Lewis Hine's images was in their composition—the posing, lighting, and subject matter, which all worked together to appeal to viewers' emotions. from $ 10 page. & W. at Nanticoke, Pa. Photo by Lewis Hine, 1911 January. Inside Lewis Hamilton's £13m supercar collection as F1 icon flaunts his £230m fortune Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton knows how to spend his £230million fortune in style, with the seven-time F1 champion splashing £13million of some of the fastest and most exclusive supercars in the world Lewis Hine, at a certain point in his career, began to refer to himself as an “interpretive photographer” and not a social photographer as he’d been previously termed. ... MLA citation style: Hine, Lewis Wickes, photographer. ‘Slavic immigrant at Ellis Island.' All are working here … Photo by Lewis Hine, 1908 December. A mirrored viewer allowed the photographer to see the exact image that was coming through the lens and allowed a photographer to more quickly make images than the earlier view camera (where the photographer had to focus under a dark cloth). This is one of the colonies established by the Comite Franco-Americain pour la Protection des Enfants de la Frontiere… Photo by Lewis Hine, 1918 27 August. National Child Labor Committee Collection. The Library of Congress does not control the content posted. His photographs were instrumental in changing child labor laws in the United States. The youngest of his subjects have the sharper focus while the facility and equipment is blurred, yet still purposely in the frame. Minimize definition, to reduce to the smallest possible amount or degree. Lewis Wickes Hine was born on September 26, 1874,in Oshkosh, Wisconsin in the USA. Hine used his camera as a tool for social reform. In observing these men at work, Hine … //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/nclc.01059. As an 8th grader doing a memorialization project, this was very helpful!! [4] Bei dieser Ausbildung und Anstellung gefördert hatte ihn der Pädagoge Frank Addison Manny (18… He left school at the age of fifteen to work, but he continued his education by taking extension courses. And unlike some photographers making use of this technique to blur out the background, Hine repeatedly uses it in a way that also blurs the foreground. I often use Hine’s photos to engage my 8th-grade students (in fact, teaching this era right now). View George Eastman House’s, If you want to read more about how to achieve different depths of field technically, there is a lengthy article in Wikipedia, “. Ellis Island» (lim. So what do we make of Hine’s aesthetic decisions? Lewis Hine, without any doubt, is responsible for keeping America’s children from labouring in sweatshops, factories and fields. Lewis Wickes Hine. studierte. Required fields are indicated with an * asterisk. American National Red Cross Collection. privilege to post content on the Library site. Linked Open Data Linked Open Data URI . Lewis Hine was an early 20th-century photographer and sociologist who used his camera to enact social change. As the thirties closed, the popular style of broad, padded shoulders, nipped in waists and shorter A-line skirts that would dominate the early 1940s had already emerged. responsible for everything that you post. He found work in a furniture upholstery factory and worked thirteen hours a day, six days a week. Hine, Lewis Wickes, 1874-1940, photographer Created / Published 1910 October. Hine could make last minute adjustments to get the focus he desired moments before the shutter was released. from $ 13 page. 1907 schrieb er sich an der Columbia University in New York noch einmal für Soziologie ein. //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/anrc.17112, Little girl, apparently 6 yrs. The sixty-five photographs in this book are probably the best of the thousand Lewis Hine took during the construction of the Empire State Building. Why did he choose to emphasize selective focus? She calls Hine’s style “flexible, yet identifiable” (55), aimed at an amelioration of reality, however ultimately only displaying and not dissolving the issues at hand, (65). Von 1900 bis 1905 studierte Hine Pädagogik in Chicago und New York. In photographs with deep depth of field, the entire image appears sharp. This exhausting schedule (seventy-eight hours weekly) earned him $4 a week. Lewis Wickes Hine (September 26, 1874 – November 3, 1940) was an American sociologist and photographer. A few measurements and calculations would identify the effective focal length. While we might imagine him an investigative photo-journalist by today’s standards, his own assessment points to the degree that style and aesthetic decisions played into the images he created – even before he articulated the change. 18 - Lewis Hine (1874-1940). You will be directed to another page. Wall Street (1915) Wall Street is an historically significant image, both for Strand and for the development of photographic art. Grade Daly, three years old. For a country that is forever indebted to him and his work, it is tragically ironic that he died in absolute poverty. Freddie Reed, 14 years, Hayden St., been working a few months. Lewis Hine was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, on September 26, 1874. It marked a clear departure from a style of soft-focused Pictorialism (practiced hitherto by Strand) whereby the photographer used a camera and dark-room manipulation to produce images that mimicked that rather unfashionable (by modernism's standards) painting style. Seinen Lebensunterhalt bestritt er zunächst mit wechselnden und schlecht bezahlten Tätigkeiten, wodurch er wohl bereits für soziale Themen sensibilisiert wurde. Spring. Hine used his camera as a tool for social reform. UNIVERSITY. Were limitations of the equipment Hine used responsible for the shallow focus in his photos? Is it photographing children that seems to provoke him to narrow his depth of field? Several are now the standard image used to depict industrial output during the Depression and rightly so. The following is a guest post by Ryan Brubacher, Reference Librarian, Prints & Photographs Division, John Howell, an Indianapolis newsboy … Photo by Lewis Hine, 1908 Aug. (The shadow of the photographer and his camera are in the foreground.) Read our American. Vintage Photography wall art for home and office decor. Our prices depend on the urgency of your assignment, your academic level, the course subject, and the length of the assignment. The use of larger format negatives, like these, allows greater control over depth of field than what is possible on smaller cameras. Smallest Boy is Joseph Fortin. You are fully In the Hine image, the girls are shown in sharp focus looking directly toward the photographer, while the world around is blurry. (als Nachfolger) The Survey und Survey Graphic, die seine wichtigsten Auftraggeber waren und in denen seine Reportagen von 1907 bis 1939 regelmäßig gedruckt wurden. unless clearly stated otherwise. National Child Labor Committee Collection. Die Dart Profis laufen bei großen Turnieren mit ihrer Erkennungsmusik in die Hallen ein. may result in removed comments. This comparison shows children in the same occupation as taken by Hine and Jacob Riis. There are some technical reasons that make the use of this technique perhaps more likely, but I wanted to explore how much of the shallow focus was prescribed by circumstance and how much was an aesthetic decision on the part of Hine. Hine started working as a child laborer to help his mother in the financial upkeep of the family and his education. Discover TASCHEN’s all-time favorite titles with a neat format and an unbeatable price: Bibliotheca Universalis series by TASCHEN Books. Gratuitous links to sites are viewed as spam and Hine’s use of shallow depth of field makes his photos more compositionally interesting, but also introduces a confusion for the viewer. Very nicely done! Cocheco Mfg. 1918 kündigte Hine beim NCLC und arbeitete vorübergehend in Europa als Fotograf für das Amerikanische Rote Kreuz. In the case of Hine, my research revealed he was using large format cameras (most often cited as a Graflex, and most likely to be the Press Graflex, which was produced between 1907-1925) making 4×5 inch and 5×7 inch negatives. Wodurch er wohl bereits für soziale Themen sensibilisiert wurde format negatives, Like,... 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The task of photographing the construction of the thousand Lewis Hine für Facebook Twitter!, big canvas art and framed wall art for home and office decor recherche, des., der unter CC-BY-SA-Lizenz verwendet wird Öffentlichkeit auf die Kinderarbeit aufmerksam zu machen und die Regierung zur Schaffung eines Kinderschutz-Gesetzes... Worker ’ was created in 1930 by Lewis Hine, was a veteran of the image. Jüdische Immigranten unterrichtet wurden ) und begann zu dieser Zeit auch, auf New... Ethical Culture School in New York City docks out of work during the Depression,.. For these observations that even a layman can understand d'accès: La recherche l'affichage. Right now ) that of his equipment, Hine was born on September 26 1874.