Dion, however, later turned against Plato, selling him into slavery. he became a pupil and friend of Socrates. During this time, or soon after, he began his extensive writing. © 2021 The Foundation for Constitutional Government Inc. All rights reserved. Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher considered to be the main source of Western thought. Plato's impact on philosophy and the nature of humans has had a lasting impact far beyond his homeland of Greece. Often, members of Plato's family appeared in his dialogues. The Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates, and teacher of Aristotle. Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.A legendary figure even in his own time, he was admired by his followers for his integrity, his self-mastery, his profound philosophical insight, and his great argumentative skill. Plato (Ancient Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "wide, broad-shouldered"; c. 428/427 – c. 348/347 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, the second of the trio of ancient Greeks including Socrates and Aristotle said to have laid the philosophical foundations of Western culture. The Apology of Socrates seems to have been written shortly after Socrates's death. Both his mother and father were members of wealthy and politically powerful families in Athens, which was at the time of Plato's birth embroiled in a political upheaval involving the city-states of Athens and Sparta and their allies. His works on philosophy, politics and mathematics were very influential and laid the foundations for Euclid's systematic approach to mathematics. Plato’s birthplace and time are not known but it has been estimated between 427/428 B.C. Historians believe this is an indication of Plato's pride in his family lineage. His father Ariston died when he was a child. One of his more promising students there was Aristotle, who would take his mentor's teachings in new directions. According to one source, Plato died peacefully in his bed listening to the sweet sounds of a Thracian flute girl. ), an Athenian of the ancient Greece, is the first major figure in the history of Western philosophy who is believed to be one of the most creative and influential thinkers in Western intellectual tradition. Plato was said to be an ancient Greek philosopher. After living for a time at the Syracuse court, Plato founded (c.387 B.C.) Athens, Greece. In 407 B.C. It is widely accepted that Plato, the Athenian philosopher, was born in 428-7 B.C.E and died at the age of eighty or eighty-one at 348-7 B.C.E. Later in life, after the death of Socrates, Plato traveled around Egypt, Italy, Sicily, and Cyrene, Libya. He was of noble Athenian lineage on both sides. In the third, or late, period, Socrates is relegated to a minor role and Plato takes a closer look at his own early metaphysical ideas. For 2,400 years, Plato’s writings have been interpreted, re-interpreted, debated, and taught as the foundational issues and methods of Western philosophical discourse. Both of his parents came from the Greek aristocracy. These dates, however, are not entirely certain, for according to Diogenes Laertius (D.L. Dana Plato was a child actress on the television show Diff'rent Strokes. His thought had enormous impact on the development of Western philosophy. In the words of Alfred North Whitehead, “The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.”. It has been sug… Although Hippocrates probably didn't write the famous oath that bears his name, it serves as foundation for the oath medical school graduates take at the start of their careers. For further biographical reading, see also: The Cambridge Companion to Plato, ed. The defeat of Athens ended its democracy, which the Spartans replaced with an oligarchy. It counts among its illustrious alumni many fine minds, but none more renowned than Aristotle. Our very conception of philosophy—of rigorous thinking concerning the true situation of man, the nature of the whole, and the perplexity of being—owes a great debt to his work. December 19, 2010 | No Comments. Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher who played an important role in the development of Western philosophy. Plato was born sometime between 428 and 427 B.C. After the oligarchy was overthrown and democracy was restored, Plato briefly considered a career in politics, but the execution of Socrates in 399 B.C.E. Plato was born in 428 or 427 b.c. The Greek philosopher Plato (428-347 B.C.) The circumstances surrounding his death are clouded, though it is fairly certain that he died in Athens around 348 B.C.E., when he was in his early 80s. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. His work covered a broad spectrum of interests and ideas: mathematics, science and nature, morals and political theory. There is some debate among scholars on the order of these writings, but most believe they fall into three distinct periods. The curriculum would have featured the doctrines of Cratylus and Pythagoras as well as Parmenides. In another reversal of fortune, Dionysius II expelled his uncle Dion, and compelled Plato to remain. As a young man, Plato experienced two major events that set his course in life. And yet modern scholars are in doubt, since the name “Plato” was not uncommon in the Athens of Plato’s day. Some scholars believe that Plato was named for his grandfather, Aristocles, following the tradition of the naming the eldest son after the grandfather. Plato grew up in the Greek city-state of Athens during the Classical Period of Ancient Greece. According to Diogenes Laertius, who lived many centuries later than the philosophers about whom he was writing, Plato was born to Ariston, an Athenian aristocrat who traced his lineage to Codrus, the king of Athens, and to Melanthus, the king of Messina. Plato is believed to have had two full brothers, one sister and a half brother, though it is not certain where he falls in the birth order. Another source reports that he died while attending a friend’s wedding feast. Among the most important of these abstract objects (as they are now called, because they are not located in spac… Upon his return to Athens at around 40 years of age, Plato founded the first known institution of higher learning in the West, the Academy, named for its location in the Grove of Academus. He influenced many of the writers or researchers such as Heraclitus, Parmenides, and Pythagoreans. His writings deal with justice, beauty and equality, as well as written on aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. View seven larger pictures Diogenes Laertius also reports that the philosopher’s name was Aristocles, for his grandfather, but that his wrestling coach dubbed him “Platon,” meaning “broad,” either on account of his robust physique, or the width of his forehead, or eloquence of his speech. The family of his mother, Perictione, boasted a relationship with the great Athenian legislator Solon. Many people associate Plato with a few central doctrines that are advocated in his writings: The world that appears to our senses is in some way defective and filled with error, but there is a more real and perfect realm, populated by entities (called forms or ideas) that are eternal, changeless, and in some sense paradigmatic for the structure and character of the world presented to our senses. Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, together with Socrates and Plato, laid much of the groundwork for western philosophy. He was the student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle and was immensely … The Academy was open until its destruction by Sulla in 84 BCE. Plato, (born 428/427 bce, Athens, Greece—died 348/347, Athens), ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 bce), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 bce), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence. An admiration that will accompany him all his life and will mark Plato’s philosophical future. The Academy operated until 529 C.E.., when it was closed by Roman Emperor Justinian I, who feared it was a source of paganism and a threat to Christianity. El Greco was a Greek artist whose painting and sculpture helped define the Spanish Renaissance and influence various movements to come. She fell into drug addiction and died of an overdose in 1999. Over its years of operation, the Academy's curriculum included astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory and philosophy. After Socrates's death, Plato traveled for 12 years throughout the Mediterranean region, studying mathematics with the Pythagoreans in Italy, and geometry, geology, astronomy and religion in Egypt. According to an anecdote told by the Greek biographer Diogenes Laertius, Plato was originally named Aristocles. 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